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John Grochowski

John  Grochowski
John Grochowski is the best-selling author of The Craps Answer Book, The Slot Machine Answer Book and The Video Poker Answer Book. His weekly column is syndicated to newspapers and Web sites, and he contributes to many of the major magazines and newspapers in the gaming field. Listen to John Grochowski's "Casino Answer Man" tips Tuesday through Friday at 5:18 p.m. on WLS-AM (890) in Chicago.

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Scratch-off lottery vs. slots

17 May 2018

By John Grochowski
QUESTION: I saw an article online that said scratch-off tickets in the Illinois lottery were being left on sale for months after all the top prizes had been won.

That's the kind of thing that worries me about slot machines. If a jackpot has already been won, that's a jackpot that's not available anymore, and I have no way of knowing that's happened.

ANSWER: Lottery tickets don't work like slot machines with random number generators. If a jackpot has been won on a slot machine, it does not decrease the chances of those who play later.

Lottery scratch-off cards typically have a fixed number of cards with top payoffs. If a game is set up so 10 cards have million-dollar prizes, then when all 10 big-paying cards are gone, later players have no chance at the jackpot. That dramatically changes the odds of the game for those who buy the remaining tickets.

Odds of winning on scratch-off cards are constantly changing. Eliminating losing tickets increases the concentration of winners among remaining tickets, while eliminating winning tickets increases the concentration of losers.

On slot machines, there is no fixed number of winners and losers. Every result is available on every play. If the previous player has just won a jackpot, it does not eliminate jackpot numbers from the set available to the random number generator.

Your odds on a slot machine are the same on every spin of the reels, and in time those odds will lead the game to pay out something very close to an expected amount. There is no need for players to worry that others have used up the jackpot spins.

QUESTION: I'm a recreational blackjack player on a budget. I play for fun and limit myself to $5 and $10 bets.

The casino where I play just converted its limited number of $5 tables to 6:5 payoffs on blackjack. I have a decision to make. Do I go to a $15 table, where I can still get 3:2? That's a little out of my comfort zone. Do I suck it up and accept the higher edge to stay within my limits? Do I stop playing altogether?

The games are the same except for the 6:5 and 3:2. The dealer hits soft 17, six decks, double on any first two cards, double after splits, resplit any pair except aces up to three times, split aces only once.

ANSWER: I can't tell you what to do. That's between you and your bankroll, and I advise players to NEVER bet more than they can afford to lose.

I can lay out what the 6:5 payoffs do to the game in dollars and cents, in your price range.

If you play basic strategy, the game you describe has a house edge of 0.62% if blackjacks pay 3:2 and 1.98% if blackjacks pay 6:5.

The house edge is more than three times as high on the 6:5 version.

If you play 100 hands — nearly two hours at a full seven-player table — and wager $5 a hand, you risk $500. With 6:5 blackjacks, your average loss is $9.90. If you bet $10 a hand, you can double that to a $1,000 risk and a $19.80 average loss.

If you bet $15 a hand but blackjacks pay 3:2, your risk increases to $750 for one hour, but your average loss for 500 hands decreases to $4.65.

To me, there's no comparison. If I can afford to play the 3:2 game, I play, and if I can't, I find something else to do.

This article is provided by the Frank Scoblete Network. Melissa A. Kaplan is the network's managing editor. If you would like to use this article on your website, please contact Casino City Press, the exclusive web syndication outlet for the Frank Scoblete Network. To contact Frank, please e-mail him at

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